A nuclear electromagnetic pulse (EMP) is a powerful burst of energy that can cause significant damage to electronic systems.
EMPs are created by the detonation of a nuclear weapon and are more intense than those generated by a solar flare. The energy released by a nuclear EMP is much greater than that of a solar flare, and it has a shorter duration. On the other hand, an EMP from a solar flare is also known as a coronal mass ejection (CME) or geomagnetic storm.
Solar flares can vary in intensity, ranging from creating a beautiful display of the Northern Lights to completely destroying part or all of the power grid. The effects of both types of EMPs on electronic systems are similar. They can cause permanent damage to computers, communication systems, and other electronic devices. The main difference between the two is the intensity and duration of the energy released.
A nuclear EMP has more energy and a shorter burst, while an EMP from a solar flare has less energy and lasts longer.